Bid & Tender

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Project Summary
Project Name: CentGas's Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) Gas Pipeline Project – Overview
Facility Type: Gas Pipeline
Client: Central Asia Gas Pipeline, Ltd (CentGas)
Budget (US $): 7,600,000,000
Project Initiation: Not Given
Project Completion:: Not Given
Status: FEED Awarded,
Location: Punjab
Project Current Status

India has sought re-negotiation of the natural gas price it is to source through a proposed $10 billion TAPI pipeline in view of the slump in global energy markets. (August 2018)

Project History
  • The original project started in March 1995 when an inaugural memorandum of understanding between the governments of Turkmenistan and Pakistan for a pipeline project was signed in August. (August 1996)
  • The Central Asia Gas Pipeline, Ltd. (CentGas) Consortium for construction of a pipeline, led by U.S. oil company Unocal, was formed. (October 1997)
  • CentGas was incorporated in formal signing ceremonies in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan by several international oil companies along with the Government of Turkmenistan. The Taliban, selecting CentGas over Argentinian competitor Bridas Corporation, signed an agreement that allowed the proposed project to proceed. (June 1998).
  • Taliban authorities selected the Unocal-led consortium, CentGas, over rival international companies to implement the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan pipeline project (1998).Russian Gazprom relinquished its 10% stake in the project. Unocal withdrew from the consortium. (December 1998)
  • CentGas was incorporated in formal signing ceremonies in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan by several international oil companies along with the Government of Turkmenistan. The Taliban, selecting CentGas over Argentinian competitor Bridas Corporation, signed an agreement that allowed the proposed project to proceed. (June 1998).
  • The new deal on the pipeline was signed (December 2002) by the leaders of Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Pakistan. India negotiated its entry into the project, which thus became TAPI (2005). India signed agreements of intent with Afghanistan and Pakistan on transportation of Turkmen gas 2008), Due to increasing instability, 'Gas pipeline project Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India approved. (September 2006)
  • Pakistan, India and Afghanistan signed a framework agreement to buy natural gas from Turkmenistan. (April 2008)
  • Four sign TAPI gas pipe deal, In March, Pakistan signed a deal with Iran paving the way for construction of a much-delayed $7.6 billion pipeline pumping Iranian natural gas to Pakistan. (September 2010)
  • The intergovernmental agreement on the pipeline was signed on 11 December 2010 in Ashgabat. (December 2010)
  • India has objected to any Chinese firm or consortium being given contracts related to the building of the TAPI gas pipeline. India reservations about Chinese participation in the construction could seriously affect the project. The gas sales agreement is slated to be signed this April. (January 2011)
  • TAPI scheduled to meet on April 28 at New Delhi to discuss on the GSPA .gas sale purchase agreement. (April 2011)
  • Indian government ready to pay $12.67 per unit for natural gas supplied from Turkmenistan, but the central Asian nation wants the price to be linked to the market rate of LNG, India can t pay market rates which could be $14-15 per mbtu and wants the rate at par with Petronet LNG's long-term contract with Ras Gas. (April 2011)
  • TAPI to sign $7.6 billion transnational gas pipeline agreement by 31st July 2011. (May 2011)
  • Russia to join TAPI to transport natural gas from Central Asian states to India. (May 2011)
  • Afghan Ministry of Mines to discuss on implementation of TAPI project (August 2011)
  • Afghan Ministry of Mines to discuss on implementation of TAPI project (August 2011)
  • TAPI gas pipeline vows to move forward soon. (November 2011)
  • Islamabad (SANA) Petroleum minister Dr Asim Hussain to visit New Delhi to discuss, issue of transit fee with his Indian counterpart on January 24. (January 2012)
  • India and Pakistan, agreed in principle on having a uniform transit fee for wheeling gas from Turkmenistan. (January 2012)
  • Petroleum Minister Dr. Hussain, reviews TAPI Gas Pipeline Project (September 2012)
  • U.S. and regional energy companies expressed interest in TAPI pipeline (October 2012)
  • The Asian Development Bank (ADB), has completed and submitted the technical assistance completion report for the project. In the report, ADB mentioned that it is important to select a consortium leader to execute the project as the leader can attract finance for the project, and manage construction and pipeline operations. (November 2012)
  • The Union Cabinet gives nod for the project. Share holders, signed an Inter-Governmental Agreement along with a Gas Pipeline Framework Agreement (GPFA). To accelerate the project, parties have formed the Minister Level Steering Committee and Technical Working Group (TWO). Suitable provisions for security & safety of the pipeline have been made in the Inter-Governmental Agreement (IGA) and Gas Pipeline Framework Agreement (GPFA). (February 2013)
  • Project to commence by 2017-18. (February 2013)
  • In February this year, Union cabinet allowed Gail to invest $5 million in TAPI Ltd. India will ask for a meeting of the technical working group of the TAPI before May 15 even as it has learnt that Turkmenistan is working behind the scenes to bring on board an international oil major to participate in the project. (May 2013)
  • Sale agreement signed. (November 2013)
  • TAPI gas pipeline is in process of choosing a consortium and once it s done the project is likely to be completed by 2017-18. (January 2014)
  • India had raised the issue of its security, but recent serial blasts in the gas pipeline in Pakistan would not affect the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline project. (February 2013)
  • Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL) is keen to ink a partnership with GAIL for TAPI project. The four nations have nominated a company each for implementation of the project with GAIL being the Indian representative. (June 2014)
  • Asian Development Bank, the project s principal financer, has awarded feasibility study contract to the British company Penspen. The scope of work for the proposed 1,820 km, 56 inch diameter pipeline includes a review of the proposed route, confirmation of hydraulics including compressor station size and location, provision of cost estimates and development of project execution strategy and schedule. The feasibility study is expected to be completed in about 6 months. (October 2014)
  • Turkmenistan has allowed Pakistan s state-run oil and gas exploration companies Oil and Gas Development Company Limited (OGDCL) and Pakistan Petroleum Limited (PPL) to take part in exploration activities for the export of gas under the project. These companies would undertake exploration activities against service charges. (December 2014)
  • Petroleum Minister Dharmendra Pradhan, became the first minister of the Narendra Modi government to visit Pakistan, has called for early finalization of the consortium leader for expeditious implementation of the 1,800km TAPI natural gas pipeline project in limbo for almost a decade. (February 2015)
  • TAPI countries agree to start pipeline project by 2015. (November 2014)
  • External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj on a three-day visit to resource- rich Turkmenistan. She discussed key bilateral and regional issues, withTurkmenistan President Gurbanguly Berdymuhamedov including defence cooperation and progress on the ambitious USD 10 billion TAPI gas pipeline project. (April 2015)
  • Trans-Afghanistan gas pipeline connecting Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India may become a reality soon as negotiation for the ambitious project is at the final stage, Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said in Lok Sabha. (March 2015)
  • The construction of Turkemanistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India gas pipeline project is set to begin in December. (August 2015)
  • Turkmenistan's leader has ordered the start of construction on a pipeline carrying gas from the former Soviet state to India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Turkmengaz and Turkmengazneftstroi to begin building the isolated republic's section of the pipeline, Overall the pipeline will stretch 1,800 kilometers and is likely to cost more than $10 billion. (November 2015)

  • The construction of TAPI gas pipeline project involving Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India will start from December 13. ( November 2015)

  • Narendra Modi-Nawaz Sharif meeting in Paris,   India will soon join Pakistan in benefiting as equal stakeholder in the much delayed Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-Iran (TAPI) gas pipeline whose construction is finally set to begin on December 13.(December 2015) 

  • Turkmen government is holding a ground breaking ceremony on December 13, 2015 for commencing laying of the pipeline with Turkmenistan. The TAPI pipeline will have a capacity to carry 90 million standard cubic metres a day (mmscmd) gas for a 30-year period and is targeted to be operational in 2018. (December 2015)

  • Shri M. Hamid Ansari, Vice President of India, Pakistan Prime Minister, Nawaz Sharif and leaders from Turkmenistan and Afghanistan broke the ground for the ambitious USD 7.6 billion TAPI pipeline project, which will provide India with gas to run its power plants. The project is expected to get operational by December 2018.  (December 2015)

  • India will be represented by GAIL which will take a 5 per cent stake in the international consortium building the gas pipeline. ISGS of Pakistan and Afghan Gas Enterprise (AGE) will also take 5 per cent stake each. (December 2015)

  • There are still many issues to be resolved in the TAPI gas pipeline construction project. The construction of the Turkmen section of the TAPI gas pipeline began in December 2015 and according to the official statements, it will take three years to complete. (January 2016)

  • According a report, work is carried out in the Turkmen section in accordance with the approved plan. Six kilometers of pipes were laid. The construction pace of the TAPI gas pipeline was delivered at a meeting of the Turkmen Cabinet of Ministers, the Turkmen government said February. 27. (February 2016)

  • The Asian Development Bank (ADB) hopes that this flagship project of regional connectivity would now be on the ground and would be completed in the next five years. (May 2016)

  • The State Bank for Foreign Economic Affairs of Turkmenistan on behalf of the government as the borrower and the Islamic Development Bank (IDB) will conclude an agreement to finance construction of the Turkmen section of the TAPI gas pipeline. The corresponding decree was signed by Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov. The project is expected to be completed in late 2019. (September 2016)

  • Asian Development Bank (ADB) has offered a $1 billion loan to finance the Tapi gas pipeline project that will go a long way in meeting energy needs of the three countries. (November 2016)

  • Turkmenistan has established a company for financing Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (Tapi) gas pipeline project and allocated US $2 billion from its own resources to implement the project, which will be completed by end-2019 to export gas to Kabul, Islamabad and New Delhi. (January 2017)
  • TAPI gas pipeline is expected to begin in Pakistan this month. The Tapi Company, a special purpose company created to run the pipeline project, has awarded the project management consultant (PMC) contract to the multinational engineering and consulting firm, the ILF Group. The ILF consultant team is ready to conduct route survey, detailed engineering and feasibility study in the ongoing month. The team will be collecting local data or conduct survey for keeping track of various project development status. (February 2017)
  • After almost over a year of groundbreaking of the TAPI project in December 2015, a long-awaited work on 1,680-km Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline got under way on March 3, 2017 in Pakistan. However, the $10 billion (bn) TAPI gas pipeline, which was schedule to be operation in 2019 is been delayed and is expected to be completed in around four years, spanning in two phases, to be completed in 2021. (March 2017)
  • National Assembly was told that Pakistan merchandise exports rose by 10% in March 2017. The National Assembly was informed on Thursday that work on Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India has begun and is likely be completed by 2020.  (April 2017)

  • According to the expert at this moment, the success of TAPI is fully conditioned by the security situation in Afghanistan. Stability and increased security in Afghanistan is the key pre-condition for the success of this project. Bochkarev further noted that global 'gas glut' reduces interest of Pakistan and India in TAPI as both countries have access to (relatively cheap) LNG, which can compete on the price-level with the supplies from TAPI. “Last, but not least - financing of the pipeline might pose some challenges for the realization of this project,” he added. The expert noted that he would expect some delays in the construction of TAPI. “However, we'll see a renewed interest in the project once the LNG prices go up. The gas from the trans-Afghan pipeline will regain its competitiveness,” he said. (August 2017)

  • India will host the next steering committee meeting of the proposed 1,814 kilometre-long TAPI, senior officials on both sides confirmed. The decision was come during the sixth joint Inter-Governmental Committee (IGC) meeting on trade, economic, scientific and technological cooperation. The meeting was followed by a meeting between visiting Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Turkmenistan Rashid Meredov and Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas Dharmendra Pradhan.“I strongly believe in this project, and this is the position of Turkmenistan,” Mr. Merodov said at a small interaction. It is not just a commercial project, but one which will be a good foundation for providing peace and security in the region. (August 2017)

  • TAPI gas pipeline expected to reach the Afghanistan border in Herat by January. Once the pipeline arrives at the Herat border the Afghanistan government will start work on the following important works, first it will conduct technical ground and air surveys and more importantly, the route that the pipeline runs through will be cleared of mines. (October 2017)


  • Pakistan has decided to ask Turkmenistan to slash gas price by linking it with Brent crude oil rates under a revised pricing formula for the transnational gas pipeline that the Central Asian country is building to meet energy needs of TAPI. The government has decided to re-negotiate the price under the gas sale-purchase agreement with Turkmen Gas Company in the light of prevalent rates of LNG and comparable fuels. (November 2017) 

  • President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov received the representative delegation of the United Arab Emirates.UAE interested in TAPI gas pipeline project (December 2017)

  • Global Pipe Company to deliver pipes for the project (January 2018)

  • Saudi Arabia would make considerable investments in the construction of the TAPI gas pipeline. The funds were allocated by the Saudi Development Bank for the project. And also United Arab Emirates is also interested in TAPI investments. Construction work on the gas pipeline is expected to begin in Afghanistan in February. (January 2018)

  • On February 23, India will be participating at a ground-breaking ceremony, TAPI gas pipeline. During the event, all the host countries will work on their respective agreements concerning safety, security, taxation, exemptions and fiscal incentives, although financial closure, in other words, terms of the commercial contracts are yet to be negotiated. Consultants for the project have also been asked to float a tender. The last ground-breaking ceremony took place in Turkmenistan in December 2015, in which India was represented by former Vice- President Hamid Ansari. This marked the beginning of construction of the pipeline although the project was envisaged decades ago. After that event in Turkmenistan, India has been dragging its feet on the project. A delegation from Turkmenistan was also here last November to understand India’s position in the project. (January 2018)

  • Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India gas pipeline project is unlikely to pose a challenge to a postponed plan to export Iran's natural gas to Pakistan, Oil says,Minister Bijan Namdar Zanganeh. The implementation of the project to supply gas to India to compete with the [Iran-Pakistan] Peace pipeline is nlikely. (January 2018)

  • Minister of State for External Affairs M J Akbar said India 'strongly committed' to the USD 10 billion trans-national TAPI pipeline project that will help ease energy shortages in South Asia, but voiced concerns over the security and predictability of supply of gas and sought contractual assurances.  (February 2018)

  • Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India gathered in Herat to mark the start of work on the Afghan portion of the TAPI pipeline.  On Twitter, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani said of Herat and the project, “A new chapter of economic growth and regional connectivity starts right here in the economic and cultural hub of Afghanistan.” (February 2018)

  • TAPI gas pipeline project have approved an acceleration plan in a bid to cut the time required for constructing the pipeline and make it ready before the deadline. The targeted time for completing the project was 2020, but now under the acceleration plan, the participating countries will be able to lay the transnational pipeline next year. Pakistan had proposed a new plan for executing the project in the shortest possible time, which was approved by the steering committee. Under the plan, the pipeline will be laid without installation of compressors in the first phase. Turkmenistan will pump gas into the pipeline without compressors. The pipeline’s diameter will be 56 in., therefore, only one-third of gas flow will be possible during that phase. The official revealed that the pipeline had been divided into nine lots and successful companies from the bidding process would be asked to work on different lots to implement the project as quickly as possible. (May 2018)

  • Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) government will have to immediately commence construction work on the $10 billion TAPI gas pipeline project, which was postponed due to the conclusion of the previous government’s tenure. Previously, ex-Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi had taken part in the ground-breaking ceremonies in Afghanistan and Turkmenistan to commence construction of the pipeline in these countries. The govt had proposed a new plan for laying the pipeline in the shortest possible time. Under the plan, pipeline will be laid in the first phase without installing compressors. (August 2018)

  • India has sought re-negotiation of the natural gas price it is to source through a proposed $10 billion TAPI pipeline in view of the slump in global energy markets. (August 2018)

Project Contract Awards - Feed
Contractor Prequalified Contractor Bids Submitted Contractor Awarded | Contract Value
  • British Company Penspen
  • British Company Penspen
  • British Company Penspen
  • British Company Penspen( )
Project Contract Awards - PMC
Contractor Prequalified Contractor Bids Submitted Contractor Awarded | Contract Value
  • Not yet tendered
Project Contract Awards - EPC
Contractor Prequalified Contractor Bids Submitted Contractor Awarded | Contract Value
  • Not yet tendered
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Project Schedule

2019 - 2021 : Expected Commissioning & start-up

Project Scope


The pipeline will transport Caspian Sea natural gas from Turkmenistan through Afghanistan and Pakistan to India. The 1,680 kilometer .1,040 mile.


Pipeline will run from the Daulatabad Gas Field to Afghanistan. From there TAPI will be constructed alongside the highway running from Herat to Kandahar, and then via Quetta and Multan in Pakistan.


The final destination of the pipeline will be the Indian town of Fazilka, near the border between Pakistan and India in Punjab. The pipeline is designed to carry 33 billion cubic meters (bcm) of Turkmen gas annually, and both Pakistan and India would be entitled to purchase 42 percent each.


Afghanistan would buy .and/or receive in lieu of transit fees 16 percent of the gas. The Afghan government is entitled to 8 percent of the project's revenue. The pipeline will be 1,420 millimeters (56 inches) in diameter and will have a working pressure of 100 standard atmospheres (10, 000 kPa)


The initial capacity will be 27 billion cubic meters (bcm) of natural gas an year, of which 2 bcm will be provided to Afghanistan and 12.5 bcm each to Pakistan and India. Later the capacity will be increased to 33 bcm. The pipeline would have an initial capacity of 33 billion cubic meters an year, and would run for nearly 2000 kilometers (1250 miles), including 735 kilometers across Afghanistan and another 800 kilometers through Pakistan. Six compressor stations would be constructed along the pipeline.

Project Structure:
The project is owned, operated and managed by Central Asia Gas Pipeline Ltd, (CentGas). The project is to be financed by the Asian Development Bank (ADB)
No details available