Coal based power plant projects of 62.23 GW capacity are currently under various stages of construction in the country.
Of this, 19.78 GW are central sector coal-based projects, 18.72 GW state sector power projects and the remaining 23.73 GW are private sector projects.
Based on the developmental needs of the country and requirement of power, the Central, state governments and private sectors apply for grant of environmental clearance for setting up coal-based power plants to MoEF&CC.
Also, in a move to cut carbon emissions and increase the share of renewables, the government has set a target of installing 175 GW renewable energy capacity by 2022, which includes 100 GW from solar, 60 GW from wind, 10 GW from biomass and five GW from small hydroelectric power projects.
So far, a total of 86.75 GW renewable energy capacity has been installed till February 2020, which includes 34.40 GW from solar, 37.67 GW from wind, 10 GW from biomass and 4.68 GW from small hydroelectric projects.